Malaria is a tropical disease with serious consequences, it is mostly transmitted in tropical areas by infected mosquitos. If left untreated it can lead to death, therefore it’s important to be equipped with the essential knowledge before travelling.
Malaria is caused by a parasite called Plasmodium, mosquitos which are infected with this parasite can pass it on to a human in as much as one bite. The Plasmodium parasite is present mainly in female mosquitos which usually bite at dusk or in the night. Malaria can also be passed on with infected blood transfusions or needle sharing, however the occurrence of this is quite rare. If you would like to read more into the causes of Malaria and how it affects the body click HERE.
Prevention is always better than cure, here at SimplyMeds we offer the most effective malaria preventative measures in the form of medication. There are three medications on offer, the choice will depend on two factors, one being the area which you are visiting and the second is down to your personal choice. Unfortunately not all countries which have malaria respond to a single medication, therefore we encourage you to check which is best for you with the following web page - https://www.fitfortravel.nhs.uk/home
The three medications here at SimplyMeds used to prevent malaria (Malaria Prophylaxis) are as follows:
To assist you in choosing the most suitable medication we have created this easy to use table which lists the key properties of each treatment.
Contracting malaria can be serious and therefore prevention with anti-malarials is always recommended. Symptoms of malaria can include:-
- High temperature
- Sweats and chills
- Muscle pains
Symptoms can take between seven days to over a year to reveal themselves. Even if it is over a year since you visited a high risk area and you are suffering symptoms you must visit your doctor. You will be given a blood test and if it is positive you will be treated immediately.
Malaria is most prevalent in:-
- Africa and Asia
- Central and South America
- Haiti and the Dominican Republic
- Parts of the Middle East
- Some Pacific Islands
Other Protective Measures
Along with the medication you must also ensure to follow the usual protocol for mosquito bite prevention, if you need to brush up on this we’ve reminded you below.
Use an Insect repellent with a minimum of 20% DEET, the higher the DEET content the longer you can leave it between applications, 50% provides 12 hours protection. Anything above 50% has not shown to be any more effective therefore there’s no need to go above this.
Wear loose clothing with long sleeves and showing as little skin as possible. Loose clothing makes it difficult for mosquitos to bite through it, Insect repellent should be used on any skin on show.
Use a mosquito net – this can help reduce the number of bites you get through the night when mosquitos are most active.
Room protection – ensure that there are no holes in which mosquitos can enter the room. Use repellent plug-ins, incense sticks, candles to help reduce the mosquito infiltration.
For more detailed information regarding methods to reduce bites follow the link HERE.